„We must not submit God's things at the altar of the emperor. Non possumus! (Can't)!”
Memorial of Polish Bishops
to the state authorities, 8 May 1953.
Return of Primate Stefan Wyszyński
The thaw in the communist block
The communist authorities restricted
religious freedom and tried to subjugate
the Church. Primate Stefan Wyszyński
was arrested and for three years (1953-56)
he was kept in so-called places of detention.
„(...) in the early 1950s it became obvious
that if this pastoral ministry is to reach into
different dimensions of the lives of young people
and students, it cannot end only at the church(…)”
John Paul II, Cracow,
8 June 1979.
There were several University chaplaincy
centers in Krakow at that time; the largest one
was at the church of St. Anna,
headed by Fr. Jan Pietraszko.
University Chaplaincy Centre in Krakow
Ludmiła Grygiel about bishop Pietraszko
Ludmiła Grygiel - historian, writer, author of a biography of Bishop Jan Pietraszko, knew him personally in her youth. She tells us what he was like and how he influenced the youth in Krakow.
At St. Florian
„I started to organize there – on every Thursday
- conferences for academic youth, raising basic
issues regarding the existence of God and the
spirituality of the human soul - topics highly
desirable in the context of the militant atheism
of the communist authorities”
John Paul II,
Gift and Mystery
It was in the parish of St. Florian where the long
pastoral work with academic youth
of Father Karol has began.
Photo: Jacek Fedorowicz
At St. Florian
of the „Milieu”
„These individual somewhat
roads connected with each other
and that's how the »Milieu«
John Paul II,
letter to the „Milieu”, 1997.
The person Karol Wojtyła attracted a group of students
who remained in friendly relations, went on trips together,
strengthened one another in their faith. Initially, they called
themselves „Little Family”, then „Milieu”.
Photo: Jerzy Ciesielski, Romanka - 22-23 July 1953.
The phenomenon of the “Milieu”
„As a young priest,
I learned to love human love”
John Paul II,
Crossing the threshold of hope
Fr. Karol Wojtyła accompanied
young people in growing up
to make a decision about marriage.
Photo: Aleksander Jagła
Małgorzata and Andrzej Zielińscy wedding, 1967.
Love and responsibility
Wedding Małgorzata and Andrzej Zielińscy
„Uncle remained an uncle forever,
and not only for us,
but also for our children”
Bożena i Gabriel Turowscy,
„Wielki kochany Wujek” in: „Zapis drogi…”
Karol Wojtyła maintained cordial relations
with members of the „Milieu” and their families
until the end of their lives.
John Paul II and a group from „Milieu”
Uncle will always remain “Uncle”
Primate Stefan Wyszyński
Bieszczady 1953 (stage 1)
- expedition to Tarnica and Halicz, 3-6 August
Tarnica and Halicz, 5 August 1953
Ustrzyki Górne, 3-4 August 1953
The expedition to the Bieszczady Mountains, 3-15 August 1953.
Bieszczady 1953 (stage 2)
- expedition from Ustrzyki Górne
to Cisna, August 7
Ustrzyki Górne - Cisna, 7 August 1953
Połonina Caryńska, 7 August 1953
Cisna, 7 August, 1953
Canoeing, Brda 1953.
(Nowa Brda - Bydgoszcz)
Day 1 (Nowa Brda - lake Szczytno Wlk.)
Day 2 (lake Szczytno Wlk. - Sąpolno)
Day 3 (Sąpolno - lake Charzykowskie)
Day 4 (lake Charzykowskie - lake Męciał)
Day 5 (lake Męcikał - Nadolna Karczma)
Day 6 (Nadolna Karczma - Piła-Młyn)
Day 7 (Piła-Młyn - Olszewka)
Day 8 (Olszewka - Bydgoszcz)
Kayaking, Brda 23.08-1.09 1953
Skiing in the mountains
Jerzy Janik and Jacek Hennel invited Fr. Karol Wojtyła to come along on the big Gorce (mountains) skiing trip. What did they talk about during the trip?
Kayaking with Fr. Wojtyla
How did Uncle behave during kayak trips?
Władysława Bąk-Czechowska remembers him in the following way.
Adventure in the Bieszczady Mountains
During the expedition to the Bieszczady „Milieu” lost his way.
Where did they sleep? What did Fr. Wojtyla by the fire?
Account of prof. Teresa Malecka.
With kayaks to the train
What was the journey like on a crowded train with kayaks?
Why was the conductor looking for a bishop in the compartment?
Reported by Piotr Malecki and Jan Wodniecki.
Blisters on the face
During the expedition to Łyna, Uncle left to find out that he was elected bishop.
One of the participants had a minor accident on this trip.
How did priest Wojtyła react? Report of Maria Rybicka.
Song about the boxer
And during the evening spent around the campfire, the youth asked Uncle to sing a Lviv song ... What did Father Wojtyla sing about?
Account of prof. Andrzej Zieliński.
How was Uncle
What did Uncle do during kayak trip before others got up?
What were the relations between priest Wojtyła and young people?
Account of Ewa Wisłocka.
How did the Uncle work out as a mountain guide? Janusz Rieger recalls a rather risky expedition in the Tatra Mountains.